In 1911, a Canadian woman named Anna Taylor patented false eyelashes in the United States. Taylor's false eyelashes were designed with a strip of fabric in the shape of a half moon. The cloth had small pieces of hair placed over them. In 1911, a Canadian woman named Anna Taylor first patented artificial eyelashes, using a cloth half moon implanted with small hairs.
In 1915, Karl Nessler, a hairdresser known for his permanent waves, opened a hairdresser in New York and sold eyelash services, promoting false eyelashes in his salon as, according to the New York Times, “protection against the glare of electric lights”. He also hired showgirls to sell them and beat up customers. In 1911, a Canadian inventor named Anna Taylor patented artificial eyelashes. His invention included glued eyelashes, or lashes in strips, which were thought to be made of human hair.
A few years later, German hairdresser Karl Nessler provided false eyelash services at his salon in New York. According to the New York Times, Nessler announced his services as “a guard against the glare of electric lights.”. The false claim is accompanied by an image of contemporary French actress Alice Regnault. Regnault didn't invent false eyelashes and wasn't a prostitute.
Another viral image shows a screenshot of a Google search for “long eyelashes” (1882), which generates results that promoted the false claim. The search results appear to come from the meme website Americas Best Pics and Videos, where the meme was shared in late January. USA TODAY contacted several Instagram and Facebook users who published the statement. Throughout history, societies have coveted long eyelashes and people have tried many techniques to meet these beauty standards.
According to Marie Claire magazine, women and men in ancient Egypt darkened their eyelashes with kohl and ointments to protect their eyes from the desert sun. Women in ancient Rome followed similar practices, believing that long eyelashes indicated virtue. The first cosmetic mask was invented in the Victorian era by Queen Victoria's perfumer, Eugene Rimmel. Griffith was falsely attributed to the invention, after he ordered a hairdresser to use his hair to beautify the eyes of silent film actress Seena Owen during the production of the 1916 film “Intolerance”.
USA TODAY couldn't find any record of Gerda Puridle or any prostitute wearing false eyelashes for the purpose stated in the meme. Thank you for supporting our journalism. You can subscribe to our print edition, ad-free application or electronic replicas of newspapers here. Our data verification work is supported in part by a grant from Facebook.
When you think about false eyelashes, what kind of look comes to mind? Is it the modern aesthetic of the bad guys that sexy celebrities love as much as influential people? Is the explosive 90s look inspired by Pamela Anderson recently renewed? Maybe it goes back even further: icons from the 50s with agitated lashes like Sophia Loren, or even flappers in the (original) Roaring '20s. As with most beauty inventions, the story of false eyelashes, including the reason false eyelashes were invented, is a legitimately crazy story with experimentation, pseudoscience and application methods strange enough to give even lovers of goose bumps most bitter beauty. The road to our modern counterfeits may have been chaotic, but learning about it will make you even more grateful for the rows and rows of easy-to-use eyelashes that line the shelves of every pharmacy in the United States. Get ready: it's time to delve into the history of false eyelashes.
While eyelashes perform some biological function by acting as an early warning system, if debris, dust or other foreign agents get too close to the important eyeball, their cultural meaning is purely aesthetic. While they're not inherently feminine (everyone knows people of all genders with long, wide eyelashes), they're considered a feminine trait, although it's not quite clear why. Some experts theorize that it has to do with the relationship between youth and what society considers standards of female beauty, while others speculate that long, dark eyelashes enhance the whites of the eyes to become a kind of indicator of health. However, the most accepted idea today is that long eyelashes simply make the eyes appear larger, and in most cultures, large eyes are among the most important factors of “female beauty” in general.
So it makes sense that the recorded use of false eyelashes dates back to the Roman Empire. Eyelash enhancements, such as rudimentary mascara and even curling tools, also have a long history in ancient and Ptolemaic Egypt, but it was a Roman philosopher (the first influencers, actually) who perpetuated the idea that eyelashes fall out with age and sexual promiscuity; all of a sudden, it became very Important: Romans should have the longest and most lush eyelashes possible thanks to botanical ingredients, kohl and even minerals. Eyelash trends came and went over the years (in medieval times, it was fashionable to tear them all out along with the eyebrows to show the forehead, which was considered the sexiest part of the body long before BBL), especially with reports about the application of real eyelash extensions that appeared in the late s 19th century in Paris: although its version requires needles to implant synthetic hairs directly into the skin. Although that horrible stitching was being done in 1899, it wasn't long before a different interpretation of false eyelashes appeared, and they look much more like modern false eyelashes.
The first patent for false eyelashes was issued in 1911 to a Canadian woman, but five years later, it was an American film director named D, W. Griffith, who was looking for a more dramatic and exotic look for his protagonist. Although the false eyelashes made by the production's wig manufacturer were effective, since they were made of human hair and chewing gum, they were irritating and rough. I can't imagine why.
Perhaps the most important change occurred when production materials were changed to plastic in the 1950s. Synthetic fibers, no different from today's most popular styles, were easy to replicate and mass-produce, which in turn made fake use more regular and widespread. Nowadays, you can choose false eyelashes made of plastics and other synthetic materials, as well as real animal hair such as mink. They're considered essential to large-scale glamour for everyone from celebrities to teenagers on graduation night.
The new eyelash extensions were applied in small groups with glue to existing lashes; this technique allowed the newly embedded lashes to last for weeks until the natural lashes fell out. In the 1920s and 1930s, advertisements appeared in Vogue for women adorned with huge eyelashes and bright colors. Although Twiggy's most iconic images showed her with eyelashes painted directly on her face, she also wore a lot of false eyelashes. The methods they used were dangerous because the eyelashes performed the important function of keeping dust and dirt out of the eyes.
Beauty stores around the world, dark, long and wavy, or lighter and more natural, have several types of false eyelashes that you can apply yourself with a little glue and a firm hand. The creation quickly became popular, became a fashion staple in the 19th century and developed the history of eyelash extensions. Nowadays, false eyelashes are often part of many people's glamorous routines, and even if you've never used them before, you've definitely seen someone who. In the Middle Ages, people didn't want to be part of the fad for false eyelashes that would soon dominate mainstream culture.
While the reasons for having long eyelashes were more symbolic back then, today they are an indication of beauty. Griffith reportedly wanted Owen's eyelashes to be “supernatural” and to practically “brush” his cheeks, so he ordered the hairdresser in the film to stick eyelashes made of human hair to Owen's own eyelids with chewing gum. What made them a generally better product in the 1950s was the introduction of plastic materials suitable for false eyelashes. But in reality, even if all modern falsehoods were for a single use, the idea of those terrifying eyelashes of yesteryear would make anyone grateful for our modern era.